Cellphone operated robot based on DTMF technology
Active In SP
Joined: Aug 2010
19-08-2010, 06:27 PM
I am in final year B.tech (electrical & electronics engg.). I would appreciate your help in my minor project and implimentation. I need a report on "Cellphone operated Robot based on DTMF technology".
Active In SP
Joined: Aug 2010
20-08-2010, 11:01 PM
Conventionally, wireless-controlled robots use RF circuits,
due to which they have the drawbacks of limited working range, limited frequency range and limited control. robust control, longer working range can be achieved with it.
Here, the robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to the robot. When the call is on any button is pressed, a DTMF tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call. There is a phone attached to the robot.The received tone is processed by the ATmega16 microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder MT8870. The DTMF tone is conerted into its equivalent binary digit.The program in the microcontroller takes the action according to the binary digit. The mobi le thatmakes a call to the mo-
bile phone stacked in the robot acts as a remote and hence there is no need for reciever.
The main components of the project and implimentation are:
-a DTMF decoder,
An MT8870 series DTMF decoder is used here.Using it, all the all the 16 DTMF tone pairs can be decoded into a 4-bit code output. The
built-in dial tone rejection circuit elimi-
nates the need for pre-filtering.
The ATmega16 microcontroller
It is a low-power, 8-bit, CMOS microcontroller based on the AVR enhanced RISC architecture. It has 16 kB of in system programmable Flash pro-
gram memory. 512 bytes of EEPROM, 1kB
SRAM, 32 general-purpose I/O lines. The output port of atmega16 is fed to the motor driver IC.
The L293D motor driver
It is a quad, highcurrent, half-H driver designed to provide bidirectional drive currents of up to 600 mA at voltages from 4.5V to 36V.
Full report can be downloaded from:
Use Search at http://topicideas.net/search.php wisely To Get Information About Project Topic and Seminar ideas with report/source code along pdf and ppt presenaion
Active In SP
Joined: Aug 2010
24-08-2010, 01:29 PM
Thank you for your help sir. If you can provide me more information or any ppt on this topic, it would be very helpful.
Active In SP
Joined: Sep 2010
29-12-2010, 12:08 PM
megha2.doc (Size: 315 KB / Downloads: 112)
Nowadays everybody possesses mobile phones. They have become a part of every day life. Mobile phones have replaced almost all gadgets. Mobile phones with different functions are available. Some of the extra functions are music player, cameras, GPS etc. In this project and implimentation robotic control is implemented using a cell phone thus adding one more utility to it. Here a cell phone is used to control the actions performed by a rover. Rover is a machine or car capable of wandering. DTMF (dual tone multiple frequency) tones are decoded by a DTMF decoder and processed by the micro controller. The micro controller is preprogrammed to output a particular binary code for a particular input to the motor driver, which in turn drives the two motors in a particular direction. Up to 12 controls are possible using this. Five controls are used in this project and implimentation. Four are used to move the rover in either forward, backward, turn rightward or leftward directions. The last one is used to stop the rover.
Robotics is an area where lot of research is going on. Robots capable of implementing different movements are present. They perform tasks more efficiently than humans do.
The conventional robots use RF circuits, which face problems of low frequency range, interference, complex transmitter, and receiver circuits. All these drawbacks are overcome using the cell phone operated land rover. The frequency range is the range provided by the service provider of the mobile network. The version of DTMF used here is touch-tone version.
A mobile phone that makes a call to mobile attached to the robot. In the course of call, if any button is pressed, a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call. This tone is called 'dual-tone multiple-frequency' (DTMF) tone. DTMF application associates with digital telephony, and provides two selected output frequencies (one high band, one low band) for duration of 100ms.
DTMF decoder decodes the DTMF tone into equivalent binary digits. DTMF receiver is the integration of both the bandsplit filter and digital decoder. The filter section uses switched capacitor technique for high and low group filter; the decoder uses digital counting techniques to detect and decode all 16 DTMF tone-pairs into a 4-bit code. The signal generated by the decoder is a direct algebraic summation, in real time, of the amplitudes of sine (cosine) waves of different frequencies. External component count is minimized by on chip provision of a different input amplifier, clock oscillator and latched three-state bus interface.
DTMF receiver offers small size, low power consumption and high performance. This separates high and low group tones, followed by digital counting section which verifies the frequency and duration of received tones before passing the corresponding code to output bus. The digital counting technique is used to determine the frequencies of the incoming tones and to verify that they correspond to standard DTMF frequencies.
• Low power consumption.
• Internal gain setting amplifier
• Adjustable guard time.
• Power down mode
• Inhibit mode
PIC is a family of RISC microcontroller made by Microchip Technology. PICs use a RISC instruction set, which varies in length from about 35 instructions for the low-end PICs to about 70 instructions for high-end PICs. The instruction set includes instructions to perform a variety of operations on the accumulator and a constant or the accumulator and a memory location, as well as for the conditionally executing code and jumping/calling other parts of the program and returning from them, and specific hardware features like interrupts and one low-power mode called sleep. Microchip provides a freeware IDE package called MPLAB that also includes a software simulator as well as an assembler.
Devices called “programmers” are traditionally used to get program code into the target PIC. Most PICs that Microchip sells nowadays have ICSP (In circuit Serial Programming) and/or LVP (Low Voltage programming) capabilities, allowing the PIC to be programmed while it is sitting in the target circuit. Many of the higher ends flash based PICs can also write to their own program memory. All PICs (except dsPICs and PIC24s) handle data in 8-bit chunks, so they should be called 8-bit microcontrollers.
Microcontroller core Features
• High-performance RISC CPU
• Only 35 single word instructions to learn
• All single cycle instructions except for program branches which are two cycle
• Operating speed: DC – 20 MHz clock input DC – 200 ns instruction cycle
• Up to 8Kx 14 words of FLASH program memory,
Up to 368 x 8 bytes of Data Memory (RAM)
Up to 256 x 8 bytes of EEPROM data memory
• Interrupt capabilities (up to 14 sources)
• Eight level deep hardware stack
• Direct, indirect and relative addressing modes
• Power-on Reset (POR)
• Power up Timer (WDT) with its on chip RC oscillator for reliable operation
• Programmable code-protection
• Power saving sleep mode
• Selectable oscillator options
• Low-power, high speed CMOS FLASH/EPROM technology
• Fully static design
• In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP) via two pins
• Single 5V In-circuit Serial Programming capability
• In-circuit Debugging via two pins
• Processor read/write access to program memory
• Wide operating voltage range: 2V to 5.5V
• High Sink/Source Current: 25mA
• Commercial and industrial temperature ranges
• Low power consumption:
- < 2mA typical @ 5V, 4MHz
- 20mA typical @ 3V, 32KHz
L293D is an integrated motor driver that can be used for simultaneous, bidirectional control of motors. It is a standard 16 pin, dual-in-line integrated circuit package. It has built in flyback diodes to minimize inductive voltage spikes. L293D is an ideal for controlling the forward/backward/brake/left/right motions of small DC motors controlled by a microcontroller such as a PIC or basic stamp. It is a high voltage, high current four channel driver designed to accept standard TTL logical levels and drive inductive loads (such as relays, solenoids, DC and stepping motors ) and switching transformers.
In the four-wheel drive system motors on a side is controlled in parallel. So a single L293D can drive the rover. For this robot, beads affixed with glue acts as support wheels. When constructing any robot, one major mechanical constraint is the number of motors being used. We can use either a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. Though four wheel drive is more complex than two-wheel drive, it provides more torque and good control. Two wheel drive on the other hand, is very easy to construct.
Two motors are connected to output pins of driver. Four output pins and six input pins are their. Each motor take two output pins. Two of the input pins are enable pins EN1 and EN2. EN1 is for enable motor 1 and EN2 for enable motor 2. Enable pin should be high for the working of motor. The direction of rotation of motor depends upon the values in input pins IN1 through IN4. IN1 and IN2 determine the rotation of motor 1. IN3 and IN4 for motor 2. If IN1 and IN4 are high, IN2 and IN3 are low then two motors are run forward . Just opposite of this inputs runs motor backward. If IN2 and IN4 are high, IN1 and IN3 are low then left turn, that is, motor 1 forward and motor 2 backward. Opposite of this inputs produce right turn.
• Wide supply voltage range : 4.5V to 36V
• Separate input logic supply
• Thermal shut down
• High noise immunity inputs
• Output current 600mA per channel
• Peak output current 1.2A per channel
• Internal clamp diodes
• Enable facility
Active In SP
Joined: Feb 2012
20-02-2012, 09:59 AM
to get information about the topic cell phone controlled robot full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow
Active In SP
Joined: Mar 2012
09-03-2012, 09:11 PM
send me ur mail
i will give info abt it
Joined: Oct 2012
01-10-2012, 11:27 AM
to get information about the topic "cellphone operated robot" full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow