Exploring Architectural Challenges in Scalable Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks
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24-04-2010, 12:35 AM
The use of sensor networks in aquatic environments has been quite limited, partially due to the harsh underwater environments and associated high system costs. Nevertheless, cost-effective and resource-efficient Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) will bring significant benefits to numerous aquatic applications. The unique properties of underwater environments raise many new challenges in building an efficient UWSN. We will discuss several architectural challenges and possible research topics in this paper.
Zhijie Jerry Shi* and Yunsi Fei+
*Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Connecticut
1. Introduction Although sensor networks have been deployed in a broad range of terrestrial applications [1-4], underwater use of sensors and sensor networks has been quite limited due to the harsh environment and associated high costs. Recently, there has been a growing interest in Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN) due to its advantages and benefits in a wide spectrum of applications in aquatic environments [5-6], such as lakes, ponds, rivers, and oceans. Potential applications of UWSNs include environmental monitoring and data collection, disaster early warning, tactical surveillance, military target detection, unmanned off-shore exploration, and underwater construction.
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