Public Distribution System
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22-04-2010, 12:03 AM

PDS evolved as a major instrument of the Governmentâ„¢s economic policy for ensuring availability of foodgrains to the public at affordable prices as well as for enhancing the food security for the poor. It is an important constituent of the strategy for poverty eradication and is intended to serve as a safety net for the poor whose number is more than 330 million and are nutritionally at risk. PDS with a network of about 4.78 lakh Fair Price Shops (FPS) is perhaps the largest distribution network of its type in the world.

PDS is operated under the joint responsibility of the Central and the State Governments. The Central Government has taken the responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of foodgrains, etc. The responsibility for distributing the same to the consumers through the network of Fair Price Shops (FPSs) rests with the State Governments. The operational responsibilities including allocation within the State, identification of families below poverty line, issue of ration cards, supervision and monitoring the functioning of FPSs rest with the State Governments.

This proposed project and implimentation is used for maintaing the public distribution system more efficiently.There are 3 modules Admin,Distributor and Customer.It includes the billing system,post complaints,editing and adding new items.Customers are in 3 levels APL,BPL and Antyodaya.When registration of a customer is confirmed by admin , the quantities allowed for that family is also confirmed based on conditions.
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25-10-2012, 03:49 PM


.pdf   PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION.pdf (Size: 228.54 KB / Downloads: 104)

A combination of good monsoon years
and a policy of ensuring relatively higher returns
on production of rice and wheat has ensured that
the country has a surfeit of foodgrains
accumulated in the godowns of the Food
Corporation of India (FCI), far beyond the
prescribed buffer stock norms. The problem
facing the country today is not one of shortage
of foodgrains but of managing the surplus.
Ironically, even as the godowns of the FCI are
overflowing, stray cases of starvation deaths are
still being reported. A civilised society in the 21st
century cannot allow this to happen.

Changes in Food Consumption Pattern

Dramatic changes in food consumption
patterns have taken place in India in the post Green
Revolution period. Between 1972-73 and 1993-94,
the food basket has become much more diversified,
with the share of cereals seeing a dramatic decline
of ten percentage points in most regions. At the all-
India level, cereal consumption in the rural areas
declined from 15.3 kg per capita per month in 1972-
73, to 13.4 kg per capita per month in 1993-94.
The corresponding decline in the urban areas was
more modest — from 11.3 kg to 10.6 kg over the
same period. At the same time, consumption of milk
and meat products as well as vegetables and fruits
has increased. Such changes are a natural outcome
of economic development.

Public Distribution System and Food Subsidy

It is now well recognised that the availability
of food grains is not a sufficient condition to ensure
food security to the poor. It is also necessary that
the poor have sufficient means to purchase food.
The capacity of the poor to purchase food can be
ensured in two ways – by raising the incomes or
supplying food grains at subsidised prices. While
employment generation programmes attempt the
first solution, the PDS is the mechanism for the
second option.

Food Stamps and Food Credit Cards

In order to contain the level of food subsidy,
major reforms are required in the system of
marketing of food grains. All restrictions on interstate
movement of food grains should be removed
once and for all. Second, the system of private trade
and marketing of food grains must be strengthened.
Third, the idea of having FPS across the length and
breadth of the country should be looked into afresh.
It may be more efficient to move towards a new
system of providing food subsidy through the normal
food supply shops (including the FPS),
supplemented by new/additional FPS in remote and
inaccessible regions where such shops do not exist.
This could be achieved through the introduction of
food stamps or the food credit card system.

Decentralisation of Operations

One possibility that could be considered
is that based on the net consumer subsidy spent
on providing food through the PDS, the Central
budget should make a provision for a national
food subsidy. This subsidy can be distributed
among the states according to a prescribed
formula based on the latest available data and
updated poverty ratios. It would then be left to
individual State Governments to determine the
quantum of food subsidy based on the
contribution they get from the Centre and their
own contribution. The Centre could also agree
to enhance the quantum of its contribution to
compensate for any increase in prices. The new
system will also result in a more equitable
distribution of the benefits of food subsidy among
different states. However, it needs to be ensured
that the food subsidy distributed by the Centre is
utilised for the purpose for which it is meant and
not diverted for other purposes.

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