Study of Recovery of Waste Heat From the Exhaust of Automotive Engine
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Joined: Sep 2010
01-01-2011, 02:44 PM
K. Wojciechowski, J. Merkisz, P. Fuć
, P. Lijewski, M.Schmidt
Automotive engines reject a considerable amount of energy to the ambience through the exhaust gas. Significant reduction of engine fuel consumption could be attained by recovering of exhaust heat by using thermoelectric generators. One of the most important issues is to develop an efficient heat exchanger which provides optimal recovery of heat from exhaust gases. The work presents a design and performance measurements of a prototype thermoelectric generator mounted on self-ignition (Diesel) engine. Using the prototype generator as a tool, benchmark studies were performed for improvements in the heat exchanger including determination of temperature distribution and heat flux density.
Contemporary car engines exchange app. 30-40% of heat generated in the process of fuel combustion into useful mechanical work. The remaining heat is emitted to the environment through the exhaust gases and the engine cooling systems. Therefore, even partial use of the wasted heat would allow a significant increase of the overall combustion engine performance. Changing the heat energy of the exhaust gases into electric power would bring measurable advantages. Modern cars equipped with combustion engines tend to have large numbers of electronically controlled components.
The observed tendency is to replace mechanical components with the electronic ones. This increases the demand for electric power received through the power supply systems of the vehicle. This tendency will undoubtedly remain at least due to the legal regulations connected with the on-board diagnostic systems, which force a more comprehensive control of operation of the vehicle components in the respect of safety improvement and emission control.
This leads to the significant increase of demand for electric power in the vehicle which has to be generated by the alternator. It is predicted that if only 6% of the heat contained in the exhaust gases was changed into electric power, it would allow to lower fuel consumption by 10% due to the decreased waste resulting from the resistance of the alternator drive . Power generation system using the thermoelectric generator should generally consist of the following components: heat exchanger, thermoelectric module, cooling system and DC/DC voltage converter. One of the most important design issues related to the construction of the thermoelectric generator TEG is to develop an efficient heat exchanger, which should provide optimal recovery of heat from exhaust gases.
Joined: Oct 2012
09-11-2012, 10:39 AM
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