mercedes benz project and implimentation full report
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02-04-2010, 10:42 AM

Project Mercedes Benz
Authors: M.Sudharshan Seshadri - 07G103
B.RamPrakash - 07G78
K.G.Ramkumar - 07G77
CT.Saminathan - 07G81

Name of the Guide : Prof.S.Rajaram

Department : Mechanical
College : Thiagarajar College of Engineering

This project and implimentation intends to give the complete profile of the automobile company Mercedes Benz. The name Mercedes Benz needs no introduction for the car enthusiastic people. Ever since its foundation this name has been associated with the world class brand of cars, trucks and buses. The two founding fathers, one is Mr. Karl Benz who first founded this company in 1871 and the two others Mr. Gottlieb Daimler and Mr. Wilhelm May Bach, who founded the division of Mercedes Benz called as Daimler AG in 1890.The headquarters of the Mercedes Benz is located at Baden- Wurttemberg and Stuttgart in Germany. Currently this company produces a wide range of advanced luxury cars, trucks and buses in its manufacturing facilities, based all over the world besides Germany.
¢ We thank our guide Prof.S.Rajaram for his invaluable guidance in completing this project and implimentation.
¢ We thank our college for providing this opportunity.


1. Company Information
2. Mercedes-Benz Classics produced from 1930 “ 1970
3. Karl Benzâ„¢s biography
1. Mercedes-Benzâ„¢s logo
2. A model of Mercedes Benz
3. Karl Benz
4. Replica of the Benz Patent Motorwagen built in 1885

FIG1: Mercedes-Benzâ„¢s logo
TABLE1: Company Information
Division of Daimler AG
Founded 1881
Founder Karl Benz
Headquarters Stuttgart, Germany
Key people Dieter Zetsche, CEO
Industry Automotive
Products Automobiles
Parent Daimler AG

The name Mercedes Benz needs no introduction for the car enthusiastic people. Ever since its foundation this name has been associated with the world class brand of cars, trucks and buses. The two founding fathers, one is Mr. Karl Benz who first founded this company in 1871 and the two others Mr. Gottlieb Daimler and Mr. Wilhelm May Bach, who founded the division of Mercedes Benz called as Daimler AG in 1890.The headquarters of the Mercedes Benz is located at Baden- Wurttemberg and Stuttgart in Germany.


Currently this company produces a wide range of advanced luxury cars, trucks and buses in its manufacturing facilities, based all over the world besides Germany.Mercedes-Benz is a German manufacturer of automobiles, buses, coaches, and trucks. It is currently a division of the parent company, Daimler AG(formerly DaimlerChrysler AG), after previously being owned by Daimler-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has its origins in Karl Benz's creation of the first automobile in January 1886,and by Gottlieb Daimler and engineer Wilhelm Maybach's conversion of a carriage by the addition of a petrol engine the same year.
The Mercedes automobile was first marketed in 1901. The first Mercedes-Benzida brand name vehicles were produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl Benz's and Gottlieb Daimler's companies into the Daimler-Benz company.Mercedes-Benz has introduced many technological and safety innovations that have become common in other vehicles several years later.
Gottlieb Daimler and Carl Benz were born only 60 miles apart in southern Germany. Daimler was born March 17, 1834. A decade later, on November 25, Carl Benz was born.Although they grew up with little in common, both boys were fascinated by machines from an early age. Because their approach to building cars was quite different, it is doubtful, though, that they met or even knew what the other was doing.
In 1886, Carl Benz built a motorized tricycle. His first four-wheeler, the Victoria, was built in 1893. The first production car was the 1894 Benz Velo which participated in the first recorded car race, the Paris-Rouen race. In 1895, Benz built his first truck.In 1886, Gottlieb Daimler literally built a horseless carriage. In 1888 Daimler made a business deal with William Steinway (of piano fame) to produce Daimler's products in the US. From 1904 until a fire in 1907, Steinway produced Mercedes passenger cars, Daimler's light trucks, and his engines on Long Island.
Ironically, history says Daimler, generally considered to be the father of modern automobiles never liked to drive, if, indeed he ever learned to drive. On March 6, 1990, Daimler died, leaving control of his company to his chief engineer Wilhelm Maybach. By November 22 of that year, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschat had produced a special car for Emil Jellinek. Jellinek named the car after his ten-year-old daughter Mercedes. Lighter and smaller, the new Mercedes had 35 hp and a top speed of 55 mph!
The 1903 Parsifil was Benz's answer to Mercedes. A two cylinder vertical engine produced a top speed of 37 mph in this car.Aware of the promotional potential of racing, both Daimler and Benz entered many of them. However, up until 1908, Daimler had overshadowed Benz in racing endeavors. At the 1908 French Grand Prix, Benz took second and third place behind Lautenschlager driving a Mercedes. From that point on, both Benz and Daimler did well in racing.At the beginning of the first world war, both factories were converted into production sites for war materials, although both resumed producing cars after the war.
1.1.Mercedes-Benz from WWTs End to the Mercedes-Benz Merger:
Social unrest and a falling economy characterized post-war Germany. Little or no fuel for cars and a 15% luxury tax made automobile production increasingly disastrous. This market sent Benz and Cie seeking a strong partner. The only one the board considered worthy of were Benz and Cie.
Thus, in 1919, Karl Jahn, a Benz board member since 1910, approached Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschat about a possible merger. The merger attempt looked promising, then was abandoned in December of 1919.The German economy continued to worse and a new Benz automobile eventually cost 25 million marks.Although nearly 15 million cars were registered in the world in 1923, over 80% of them were registered in the US and over 1/2 were Fords. Benz and Cie. built 1,382 cars in 1923 while DMG only built 1,020. German auto makers were at a low point although racing success for the companies continued.
In 1924, from sheer economic necessity, Benz and DMG signed an "Agreement of Mutual Interest." Although both companies retained their identities, the agreement was valid until the year 2000. The two companies merged with relative ease on June 28, 1926.
1.2.Mercedes-Benz from the Mercedes-Benz Merger Through the 20 s:
A symbol was chosen for the combined products of DMG and Benz. The new insignia was a three-pointed star wreathed with laurel. The word "Mercedes" was at the top and the word "Benz" was at the bottom.Then merger did the new company well. Production of Mercedes-Benz rose to 7,918 Mercedes-Benz automobiles in 1927. The Mercedes-Benz diesel truck was put into production in 1927, also.
The first two automobiles to sport the Mercedes-Benz name were the Stuttgart and the Mannheim. Then in 1928 the Mercedes SS was introduced by Mercedes-Benz. This graceful body was made possible by a hood line that barely cleared the engine.
1.3.Mercedes-Benz 1930 and beyond for Mercedes-Benz:
Mercedes-Benz launched their biggest and most prestigious car to date in 1930. The 770 Grosser was powered by an 8 cylinder, 7.6 liter engine. A car for the truly wealthy of the world, it was quite an automobile for showing off in a world economy still reeling from the Wall Street Crash of 1929.The cars of the 1930s produced great racing success for Mercedes-Benz. The silver metal bodywork gave rise to the name Silver Arrows when the W25 racer (of Rudolph Caracciola fame) had the white paint removed to lower its weight.W125 (200 mph top speed) won seven out of thirteen races in 1937 followed by the successful W154. In 1939 Mercedes-Benz built a small V8 races specifically to win the Tripoli GP.It did win.The Mercedes-Benz 170V gave Mercedes the capability of surviving and then recovering from WW II.

TABLE2: Mercedes-Benz Classics produced from 1930 - 1970.
Mercedes Benz Type Production: Years Length: Inches Weight: Pounds
Mercedes-Benz 770 Grosser 1930-37 210 6000+
Mercedes-Benz 380K/500K/540K 1933-1939 185-205 4500-5100
Mercedes-Benz 770 Grosser 1938-1940 246 7600-8100
Mercedes-Benz Type 300 1951-1962 195 3860-4400
Mercedes-Benz Type 300S/Sc 1952-1958 186 3600
Mercedes-Benz 300SL 1954-1963 180 2750-3000
Mercedes-Benz 190SL 1955-1963 169 2515
Mercedes-Benz Coupe/Cabriolet 1959-1971 192 3330-3650
Mercedes-Benz Type 600 1963-1980 218-246 5445-5820
Mercedes-Benz 230/250/280SL 1963-1971 169.5 2855-2900
Mercedes-Benz 300SEL 6.3 1967-1972 196.9 4010
1.4.Models of Mercedes Benz Cars in India:
With the aim to serve the customers in India with the latest products and technological excellence from the Mercedes-Benz, Daimler Chrysler enter the Indian market and set up Mercedes-Benz India Ltd. way back in 1994. In January 2000, Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W 210), 'Top of the line' E 240 Petrol and E 220 CDI Diesel versions were launched with several advanced technology and mentionable, high end features.
It has a long-term commitment to the Indian market and has full support of its parent company for its future plans in India.
TABLE3: Karl Benzâ„¢s biography
Name Karl Benz
Nationality German
Birth date November 25, 1844
Birth place Karlsruhe
Place of death April 4, 1929 (aged 84)
Significant advance Ladenburg
gasoline-powered automobile
FIG4: Replica of the Benz Patent Motorwagen built in 1885
Karl Friedrich Benz, sometimes spelled as Carl, (November 16, 1844, Karlsruhe, “ April 4, 1929, Ladenburg, Germany) was a German engine designer and automobile engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the gasoline-powered automobile and pioneering founder of the automobile manufacturer, Mercedes-Benz. Other German contemporaries, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach working as partners, also worked on similar types of inventions, without knowledge of the work of the other, but Benz patented his work first and, after that, patented all of the processes that made the internal combustion engine feasible for use in automobiles. In 1879 Benz was granted a patent for his first engine, which he designed in 1878.
3.1.Early life:
Karl Benz was born Karl Friedrich Michael Vaillant, in Karlsruhe, Baden, which is part of modern Germany, to Josephine Vaillant and a locomotive driver, Johann George Benz, whom she married a few months later.When he was two years old, his father was killed in a railway accident, and his name was changed to Karl Friedrich Benz in remembrance of his father.Despite living near poverty, his mother strove to give him a good education. Benz attended the local Grammar School in Karlsruhe and was a prodigious student. In 1853, at the age of nine he started at the scientifically oriented Lyzeum. Next he studied in the Poly-Technical University under the instruction of Ferdinand Redtenbacher.
Benz had originally focused his studies on locksmithing, but eventually followed his father's steps toward locomotive engineering. On September 30, 1860, at age fifteen, he passed the entrance exam for mechanical engineering at the University of Karlsruhe, which he subsequently attended. Benz was graduated July 9, 1864 at nineteen.During these years, while riding his bicycle, he started to envision concepts for a vehicle that would eventually become the horseless carriage.Following his formal education, Benz had seven years of professional training in several companies, but did not fit well in any of them. The training started in Karlsruhe with two years of varied jobs in a mechanical engineering company.He then moved to Mannheim to work as a draftsman and designer in a scales factory. In 1868 he went to Pforzheim to work for a bridge building company Gebrüder Benckiser Eisenwerke und Maschinenfabrik. Finally, he went to Vienna for a short period to work at an iron construction company.
3.2.Benz's Factory and his first inventions (1871 to 1882):
In 1871, at the age of twenty-seven, Karl Benz joined August Ritter in launching a mechanical workshop in Mannheim, also dedicated to supplying construction materials: the Iron Foundry and Mechanical Workshop, later renamed, Factory for Machines for Sheet-metal Working.The enterprise's first year was a complete disaster. Ritter turned out to be unreliable and local authorities confiscated the business. The difficulty was solved when Benz's fiancée, Bertha Ringer, bought out Ritter's share in the company using her dowry.
On July 20, 1872 Karl Benz and Bertha Ringer married, later having five children: Eugen (1873), Richard (1874), Clara (1877), Thilde (1882), and Ellen (1890).Despite such business misfortunes, Karl Benz led in the development of new engines. To get more revenues, in 1878 he began to work on new patents. First, he concentrated all his efforts on creating a reliable gas two-stroke engine. Benz finished his two-stroke engine on December 31, 1878, New Year's Eve, and was granted a patent for it in 1879Karl Benz showed his real genius, however, through his successive inventions registered while designing what would become the production standard for his two-stroke engine. Benz soon patented the speed regulation system, the ignition using sparks with battery, the spark plug, the carburetor, the clutch, the gear shift, and the water radiator.
Benz's lifelong hobby brought him to a bicycle repair shop in Mannheim owned by Max Rose and Friedrich Wilhelm Eßlinger. In 1883, the three founded a new company producing industrial machines: Benz & Company Rheinische Gasmotoren-Fabrik, usually referred to as, Benz & Cie. Quickly growing to twenty-five employees, it soon began to produce gas engines as well.
The success of the company gave Benz the opportunity to indulge in his old passion of designing a horseless carriage. Based on his experience with, and fondness for, bicycles, he used similar technology when he created an automobile. It featured wire wheels (unlike carriages' wooden ones) with a four-stroke engine of his own design between the rear wheels, with a very advanced coil ignition and evaporative cooling rather than a radiator. Power was transmitted by means of two roller chains to the rear axle. Karl Benz finished his creation in 1885 and named it the Benz Patent Motorwagen.It was the first automobile entirely designed as such to generate its own power, not simply a motorized stage coach or horse carriage, which is why Karl Benz was granted his patent and is regarded as its inventor.The beginnings of the Motorwagen in 1885 were less than spectacular. The tests often attracted many onlookers who laughed mockingly when it smashed against a wall because it initially was so difficult to control.
The Motorwagen was patented on January 29, 1886 as DRP-37435: "automobile fueled by gas". The first successful tests were carried out in the early summer of 1886 on public roads. The next year Benz created the Motorwagen Model 2 which had several modifications, and in 1887, the definitive Model 3 with wooden wheels was introduced, showing at the Paris Expo the same year.
3.3.Benz & Cie. Expansion:
Karl Benz introduced the Velo in 1894, becoming the first production automobile.The great demand for stationary, static internal combustion engines forced Karl Benz to enlarge the factory in Mannheim, and in 1886 a new building located on Waldhofstrasse (operating until 1908) was added. Benz & Cie. had grown in the interim from 50 employees in 1890 to 430 in 1899.
During the last years of the nineteenth century, Benz was the largest automobile company in the world with 572 units produced in 1899.Because of its size, in 1899, Benz & Cie. became a joint-stock company with the arrival of Friedrich Von Fischer and Julius Ganß, who came aboard as members of the Board of Management. Ganß worked in the commercialization department, which is somewhat similar to marketing in contemporary corporations.
The new directors recommended that Benz should create a less expensive automobile suitable for mass production. In 1893, Karl Benz created the Victoria, a two-passenger automobile with a 3-hp engine, which could reach the top speed of 11 mph and had a pivotal front axle operated by a roller-chained tiller for steering. The model was successful with 85 units sold in 1893.In 1894, Benz improved this design in his new Velo model. This was produced on such a remarkably large scale for the era”1,200 total from 1894 to 1901”it may be considered the first production automobile. The Benz Velo also participated in the first automobile race, the 1894 Paris to Rouen Rally.In 1895, Benz designed the first truck in history, with some of the units later modified by the first bus company: the Netphener, becoming the first buses in history.
In 1896, Karl Benz was granted a patent for his design of the first flat engine. It had horizontally-opposed pistons, a design in which the corresponding pistons reach top dead centre simultaneously, thus balancing each other with respect to momentum. Flat engines with four or fewer cylinders are most commonly called boxer engines, boxermotor in German, and also are known as horizontally opposed engines. This design is still used by Porsche, Subaru and some high performance engines used in racing cars. In motorcycles, the most famous boxer engine is found in BMW motorcycles, though the boxer engine design was used in many other models, including Zundapp, Wooler, Douglas Dragonfly, the Brough
Superior Golden Dream, Ratier, Universal, IMZ-Ural, Dnepr, Gnome et Rhône, Chang Jiang, Marusho, and the Honda Gold Wing.
Although Gottlieb Daimler died in March 1900”and there is no evidence that Benz and Daimler knew each other nor that they knew about each other's early achievements”eventually, competition with Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG) in Stuttgart began to challenge the leadership of Benz & Cie. In October 1900 the main designer of DMG, Wilhelm Maybach, built the engine that would be used later, in the Mercedes-35hp of 1902. The engine was built to the specifications of Emil Jellinek under a contract for him to purchase thirty-six vehicles with the engine and for him to become a dealer of the special series. Jellinek stipulated the new engine be named Daimler-Mercedes (for his daughter). Maybach would quit DMG in 1907, but he designed the model and all of the important changes. After testing, the first was delivered to Jellinek on December 22, 1900. Jellinek continued to make suggestions for changes to the model and obtained good results racing the automobile in the next few years, encouraging DMG to engage in commercial production of automobiles, which they did in 1902.
Benz countered with Parsifil, introduced in 1903 with a vertical twin engine that achieved a top speed of 37 mph (60 km/h). Then, without consulting Benz, the other directors hired some French designers. France was a country with an extensive automobile industry based on Maybach's creations. Because of this action, after difficult discussions, Karl Benz announced his retirement from design management on January 24, 1903, although he remained as director on the Board of Management through its merger with DMG in 1926 and remained on the board of the new Daimler-Benz corporation until his death in 1929.Benz's sons Eugen and Richard left Benz & Cie. in 1903, but Richard returned to the company in 1904 as the designer of passenger vehicles.
1909 Blitzen Benz - built by Benz & Cie., which held the land speed record for ten years.That year, sales of Benz & Cie. reached 3,480 automobiles, and the company remained the leading manufacturer of automobiles.Along with continuing as a director of Benz & Cie., Karl Benz soon would found another company”with his son, Eugen”closely held within the family, manufacturing automobiles under another brand and using a French spelling variant of Benz's first name for the first initial of the privately-held company.In 1909, the Blitzen Benz was built in Mannheim by Benz & Cie. The bird-beaked vehicle had a 21.5-liter (1312ci), 200 horsepower (150 kW) engine, and on November 9, 1909 in the hands of
3.3.1.Toward Daimler-Benz and the first Mercedes Benz in 1926:
On June 28, 1926, Benz & Cie. and DMG finally merged as the Daimler-Benz company, baptizing all of its automobiles, Mercedes Benz, honoring the most important model of the DMG automobiles, the 1902 Mercedes-35hp, along with the Benz name. The name of that DMG model had been selected after ten-year-old Mercedes Jellinek, the daughter of Emil Jellinek who had set the specifications for the new model. Between 1900 and 1909 he was a member of DMG's board of management and long before the merger Jellinek had resigned.
Last home of Karl and Bertha Benz, now the location of the Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz Foundation in Ladenburg, Germany.Karl Benz was a member of the new Daimler Benz board of management for the remainder of his life. A new logo was created, consisting of a three pointed star (representing Daimler's motto: "engines for land, air, and water") surrounded by traditional laurels from the Benz logo, and the brand of all of its automobiles was labeled Mercedes Benz. Model names would follow the brand name in the same convention as today.The next year, 1927, the number of units sold tripled to 7,918 and the diesel line was launched for truck production. In 1928 the Mercedes Benz SS was presented.
On April 4, 1929, Karl Benz died at home in Ladenburg at the age of eighty-four from a bronchial inflammation. Until her death on May 5, 1944, Bertha Benz continued to reside in their last home. Members of the family resided in the home for thirty more years. The Benz home now has been designated as historic and is used as a scientific meeting facility for a nonprofit foundation, the Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz Foundation, that honors both Bertha and Karl Benz for their roles in the history of automobiles.
Mercedes-Benz automobiles are available at dealerships in more than 129 countries and their work fleet (trucks and commercial) vehicles are available from a group of dealers worldwide as well as direct from the factory. As with several other European automobile brands, Mercedes-Benz offer a European delivery option for international customers who purchase a Mercedes-Benz automobile.
Since its inception, Mercedes-Benz had a reputation for quality and durability. Objective measures looking at passenger vehicles such as J.D. Power surveys demonstrated a downturn in reputation in this area in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for initial quality, a measure of problems after the first 90 days of ownership, according to J.D. Power. In J.D. Power's Initial Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes showed dramatic improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place, surpassing quality leader Toyota and earning several awards for its models. For 2008, Mercedes-Benz's initial quality rating improved by yet another mark, now in fourth place. On top of this accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for its Mercedesâ„¢ Sindelfingen, Germany assembly plant. As of 2009, Consumer Reports of the United States has changed their reliability ratings for several Mercedes-Benz vehicles to "average," and recommending the E-Class and the S-Class.
The two companies which were merged to form the Mercedes-Benz brand in 1926 had both already enjoyed success in the new sport of motor racing throughout their separate histories- both had entries in the very first automobile race Paris to Rouen 1894. This has continued, and throughout its long history, the company has been involved in a range of motorsport activities, including sports car racing and rallying. On several occasions Mercedes-Benz has withdrawn completely from motorsport for a significant period, notably in the late 1930s and after the 1955 Le Mans disaster, where a Mercedes-Benz 300SLR collided with another car and killed more than eighty spectators. Although there was some activity in the intervening years, it was not until 1987 that Mercedes-Benz returned to front line competition, returning to Le Mans, DTM, and F-1 sports car racing with Sauber.
The 1990s saw Mercedes-Benz purchase engine builder Ilmor (now Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines), and campaign cars at the famed Indy 500 race under the USAC/CART rules, eventually winning that race with Al Unser, Jr. at the wheel. The 90's also saw the return of Mercedes-Benz to GT racing, and the Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR, both of which took the company to new heights by dominating the FIA's GT1 class.
Mercedes-Benz is currently active in three forms of motorsport, Formula Three, DTM and Formula One. In Formula One, the company part owns Team McLaren and has supplied the team with engines engineered by Ilmor since 1995. This partnership has brought success, including Drivers Championships for Mika Häkkinen in 1998 and 1999 and for Lewis Hamilton in 2008, as well as a Constructors Championship in 1998. The collaboration with McLaren has been extended into the production of roadgoing cars such as the Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren.
3.6.Business alliances (Studebaker-Packard Corporation):

In 1958 Mercedes-Benz entered into a distribution agreement with the Studebaker-Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA), makers of Studebaker and Packard brand automobiles. Under the deal, Studebaker would allow Mercedes-Benz access to their U.S. dealer network, handle shipments of vehicles to those dealers, and in return receive compensation for each car sold. Studebaker also was permitted to use the German automakerâ„¢s name in its advertisements, which stressed Studebaker's quality over quantity.
When Studebaker entered into informal discussions with Franco-American automaker Facel Vega about offering their Facel Vega Excellence model in the United States, Mercedes-Benz objected to the proposal. Studebaker, which needed Mercedes-Benz distribution payments to help stem heavy losses, dropped further action on the plan.
Mercedes-Benz maintained an office within the Studebaker works in South Bend from 1958 to 1963 when Studebaker's U.S. operations ceased. Many U.S Studebaker dealers converted to Mercedes-Benz dealerships at that time. When Studebaker closed its Canadian operation and left the automobile business in 1966, remaining Studebaker dealers had the option to convert their dealerships to Mercedes-Benz dealership agreements.
Besides its native Germany, Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also manufactured or assembled in:
¢ Argentina (buses, trucks and the Sprinter van. The first factory of Mercedes-Benz outside of Germany)
¢ Austria (G-Class)
¢ Bosnia and Herzegovina
¢ Brazil[9] (buses, trucks, C-class passenger cars (export only), established in 1956)
¢ Canada
¢ China
¢ Egypt
¢ Ghana (buses, trucks, taxis)
¢ Hungary (construction of a new plant in the country announced on June 18, 2008, for the next generation A- and B-Class)[11][12]
¢ India
¢ Indonesia
¢ Iran
¢ Malaysia
¢ Mexico
¢ Nigeria (buses, trucks, utility motors and the van Sprinter)
¢ South Africa
¢ South Korea (Mercedes-branded Musso and MB100 models manufactured by SsangYong Motor Company)
¢ Thailand
¢ Turkey
¢ United Kingdom (The SLR sports car is built at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking).
3.8.1.Mercedes-Benz range today:
Mercedes-Benz has a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial equipment. Production is on a global basis. The Smart brand of city cars has also been part of the Mercedes-Benz Group since 1994.
3.8.2.Passenger cars:
The following passenger vehicles were in production in 2009:
¢ A-Class Hatchback
¢ B-Class Sports Tourer/Hatchback
¢ C-Class Sedan, Sports Coupe & Wagon
¢ CL-Class Coupe
¢ CLK-Class Coupe & Cabriolet
¢ CLS-Class "4-door Coupe"
¢ CLC-Class luxury compact car
¢ E-Class Sedan & Wagon
¢ G-Class Cross-country vehicle
¢ GL-Class SUV
¢ GLK-Class SUV
¢ M-Class SUV
¢ R-Class Sports Tourer
¢ S-Class Sedan
¢ SL-Class Roadster
¢ SLK-Class Roadster
¢ SLR-McLaren High Performance Coupe & Roadster
3.8.3.Significant car models produced:
¢ 1928: SSK legendary racing car
¢ 1930: 770 "Grosser Mercedes" state and ceremonial car
¢ 1934: 500 K
¢ 1936: 260 D World's first diesel production car
¢ 1936: 170
¢ 1938: W195 Speed Record-breaker
¢ 1951: Mercedes-Benz 300, knownly as "Adenauer Mercedes"
¢ 1953: "Ponton" Models
¢ 1954: 300SL "Gullwing"
¢ 1959: "Fintail" Models
¢ 1960: 220SE Cabriolet
¢ 1963: 600 "Grand Mercedes"
¢ 1963: 230SL "Pagoda"
¢ 1965: Mercedes-Benz S-Class
¢ 1966: 300SEL 6.3
¢ 1969: C111 experimental vehicle
¢ 1972: Mercedes-Benz W107 350SL
¢ 1974: 450SEL 6.9
¢ 1974: 240D
¢ 1975: 280
¢ 1976: 300D
¢ 1979: 500SEL and G-Class
¢ 1983: 190E 2.3-16
¢ 1986: First 'E-Class'
¢ 1991: 600SEL
¢ 1993: First 'C-Class'
¢ 1995: First 'Joint Mercedes-Benz & AMG' (C43 AMG)
¢ 1995: Mercedes-Benz SL73 AMG, 7.3L V12 (biggest engine ever put in a Mercedes-Benz)
¢ 1996: Mercedes-Benz Renntech E7.4RS
¢ 1997: Mercedes-Benz M-Class
¢ 1998: Mercedes-Benz CLK
¢ 2004: Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren
¢ 2004: Mercedes-Benz CLS
¢ 2007: E320, GL320 Bluetec, ML320 Bluetec, R320 Bluetec
¢ 2010: Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG Gullwing
3.8.4.McLaren cars:
A silver SLR McLaren on display at the 2006 European Motor Show in Brussels.Mercedes-Benz has also produced a sports car with McLaren Cars, an extension of the collaboration by which Mercedes engines are used by the Team McLaren-Mercedes Formula One racing team, which is part owned by Mercedes. The 2003 Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren has a carbon fiber/fibre body with a 5.4l V8 supercharged engine. This is the same block as featured in SL55 AMG and the CLS55 AMG, though modified to give 460 kW (630 PS; 620 hp) and 780 N¢m (575 ft¢lb) of torque. The SLR has a maximum speed of 337 kilometres per hour (209 mph) and costs approximately US$500,000. Due to European pedestrian-protection regulations, McLaren has decided to cease production of the SLR in 2009.
The most recent new joint-venture model, expected to reach production, is the mid-engine P8 sports car. Based around a unique carbon fiber/fibre monocoque, manufactured by McLaren, the P8 was originally predicted to receive the new naturally aspirated 6.2L V8 from Mercedes-AMG, but insiders now say that the engine will be modified for the car and will probably be twin- turbocharged to produce in excess of 600 bhp (450 kW). The car is still in development, but likely to reach production to go on sale in early 2008, and have a price tag less than that of the SLR.
3.8.5.Car nomenclature:
In 1994 (starting with the 1994 models), the traditional nomenclature of Mercedes-Benz vehicles changed. Since the early days of the company the name would be in the form of 500E where the engine displacement made up the first three numbers and the last letter(s) represented the type of engine and/or chassis; for example: "E" for fuel injection ("Einspritzung" in German), "D" for Diesel, "L" for long wheelbase etc.
In 1994, this was altered so that the prefix reflected the model ("class", German "Klasse", in Mercedes-Benz terminology) and a number the displacement. The suffix was retained in some cases, for example "L" for long wheelbase, and "CDI" for Diesel (CDI = Common rail Direct Injection). Thus, the 500E in the example above became the E500 ("E-Klasse", 5 liters displacement). It should also be noted that while in the past the model number generally accurately reflected the actual engine displacement, this is currently not always the case - for example the E200 CDI and E220 CDI actually both have a 2.2 liter/litre displacement, and the C240 actually has a 2.6 liter/litre engine.
3. 8.6.Electric vehicles:
At the 2007 Frankfurt motor show, Mercedes-Benz showed seven hybrid models, including the F700 concept car which combined hybrid drive with the innovative DiesOtto engine. In 2009, the S400 hybrid sedan is scheduled to go on sale. On the other hand, Mercedes-Benz says it will have a demonstration fleet of practical, if small, electric vehicles on the road in two to three years, from 2008.
Mercedes-Benz S 400 BlueHYBRID will be launched in calendar 2009 and will be the first production automotive hybrid in the world to use a lithium ion battery. Mercedes-Benz BlueZERO cars were introduced in the 2009 North American International Auto Show.
3.8.7.Concept models:
¢ Mercedes-Benz C111 - sports car and test vehicle for different high performance engines (wankel engine and later diesel engines)
¢ Mercedes-Benz Auto 2000 - 4-door sedan
¢ Mercedes-Benz NAFA - microcar
¢ Mercedes-Benz C112 - sports car and mule
¢ Mercedes-Benz F 100 - car introduced in 1991
¢ Mercedes-Benz F 200 Imagination - 2-door coupe introduced in 1996 Paris Motor Show
¢ Mercedes-Benz F 300 Life Jet - 3-wheel car/motorcycle unveiled in 1997 Frankfurt Motor Show
¢ Vario Research Car - one car, four vehicles
¢ Mercedes-Benz Vision SLR - Prototype of Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren, unveiled in 1999 North American International Auto Show
¢ Mercedes-Benz Vision SLA - convertible with details of the SLR, but based on the A-Class platform, unveiled in 2000 North American International Auto Show
¢ Mercedes-Benz F 400 Carving - A 2-seat roadster unveiled in 2002 Tokyo Motor Show
¢ Mercedes Benz F 500 Mind - 4-door fastback sedan unveiled in 2003 Tokyo Motor Show
¢ Mercedes-Benz F 600 HYGENIUS - compact fuel cell car, unveiled in 2005 Tokyo Motor Show
¢ Mercedes-Benz Bionic - Car unveiled in 2005 DaimlerChrysler Innovation Symposium in Washington, modeled after boxfish
¢ Mercedes-Benz Ocean Drive - a 4-door convertible based on the S600
¢ Mercedes-Benz F700 - Large luxury saloon featuring the small capacity / high output DiesOtto engine, unveiled at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.
¢ Mercedes-Benz Concept FASCINATION - Shooting-brake giving a preview of the W212, unveiled at 2008 Paris Motor Show
¢ Mercedes-Benz S 400 BlueHYBRID
Mercedes-Benz also produces buses, mainly for Europe and Asia.The first factory to be built outside Germany after WWII was in Argentina. It originally built trucks, many of which where modified independently to buses, popularly named Colectivo. Today it builds buses, trucks and the Sprinter Van.
Mercedes-Benz produces a range of vans. The current (January 2009) range consists of:
¢ Mercedes-Benz Vito ” Light Van based on the Viano MPV with a payload of approx 1 tonne
¢ Mercedes-Benz Sprinter ” Mid-sized van with payloads of 2 to 6 tonne (produced as a Dodge in USA and Canada with the name Freightliner Sprinter. A joint venture.)
o Sprinter 414 416CDI ambulance
o Sprinter 316CDI light ambulance
¢ Mercedes-Benz Vario ” Heavy van with similar load to a light truck (7.5 tonne)
Previous models include:
¢ Mercedes-Benz TN or T1 - Mid Sized van predecessor to the sprinter
¢ Mercedes-Benz T2 - Heavy Van
3.11. Trucks:
Mercedes-Benz is one of the world's largest manufacturer of trucks.The current (January 2009) range consists of:
¢ Mercedes-Benz Atego ” Light truck from 7 to 16t
¢ Mercedes-Benz Axor ” Mid-sized truck from 18 to 26t in rigid and articulated
¢ Mercedes-Benz Actros ” Heavy duty rigid and premium articulated ” 18 to 250t
¢ Mercedes-Benz Econic ” Low floor version of the Axor for refuse and specialist applications
¢ Mercedes-Benz Unimog ” For special purpose applications and transport across extreme terrain
¢ Mercedes-Benz Zetros ” off-road truck for extreme operations
¢ 1828L (F581) Mobile Casualty Treatment Centre
¢ 1517L Mobile Casualty Treatment Centre
Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH introduced 3 new bicycles in 2005, named Automatic Bike, Fitness Bike, Mountain Bike. The bikes are sold in Australia, Germany, and Russia.
3.12.1.List of bicycles:
¢ Mercedes-Benz Automatic Bike
¢ Mercedes-Benz Carbon Bike
¢ Mercedes-Benz Fitness Bike
¢ Mercedes-Benz Hybrid Bike
¢ Mercedes-Benz Mountain Bike
¢ Mercedes-Benz Street Bike
Several companies have become car tuners (or modifiers) of Mercedes Benz, in order to increase performance and/or luxury to a given model.
3.13.1.In house
AMG is Mercedes-Benz's in-house performance-tuning division, specializing in high-performance versions of most Mercedes-Benz cars. AMG engines are all hand-built and each completed engine receives a tag with the signature of the engineer who built it. AMG has been wholly owned by Mercedes-Benz since 1999.
3.13.2.Aftermarket tuners:
There are numerous independent tuners:
¢ Brabus
¢ Carlsson
¢ Kicherer
¢ Kleemann
¢ Lorinser
¢ Renntech

Brabus, founded 1977 in Bottrop (Ruhr Area), Germany by Klaus Brackmann and Bodo Buschmann, is a high-performance aftermarket tuning company which specializes in Mercedes-Benz, Smart and Maybach vehicles. Coincidentally, "brabús" is an Irish-Gaelic word meaning gain or profit.Owned by Bodo Buschmann, Brabus has since become the largest Mercedes tuner, other than Mercedes-AMG who became a DaimlerChrysler affiliate in the 1990s. Its competitors include Lorinser, Carlsson, Kleemann, and Renntech.
Brabus's primary focus is to achieve maximum engine performance through the increase of both horsepower and torque. Customers can either buy cars straight from Brabus or send in their
Mercedes to be customized and/or overhauled. If a customer orders a car from Brabus, Brabus buys the particular car from Mercedes and then modifies it in-house according to the customer's requests. Brabus is known for providing very expensive tuning and custom solutions, making an "if you have to ask the price, you can't afford it" scenario.
Brabus offers simple upgrades such as low profile spoilers, bodykits, carbon fiber splitters, and multi-piece alloy wheels. More serious upgrades include racing LSDs, open racing exhaust systems, twelve-piston disc brakes, and engine remapping. However, most customers pay for complete engine overhauls for which Brabus has become famous. The company typically orders crate engines from AMG and completely redesigns them.
Brabus engines range from small 200 horsepower (150 kW) K4 blocks for SLK roadsters and CLK-Class to 730 horsepower (540 kW) twin-turbo blocks for the CL-Class, CLS-Class, G-Class and S-Class. The company also provides improvements to the interior from custom upholstery, gauges, shiftknobs, pedals, and trim to various electronics such as wider LCD screens for the Maybach.
Carlsson is a German car tuning manufacturer specialising in Mercedes-Benz cars. The Carlsson tuning house was founded by brothers Rolf and Andreas Hartge in 1989. Carlsson's products are available for the entire current range of Mercedes-Benz models including the R-Class [1], SL-Class [2], C-Class [3]and the GL-Class [4]along with many others. The company is most popular for its range of alloy wheels.Through a new importer Carlsson began a more aggressive push into the US market in 2006 after debuting their newly modified CL500 (Euro-spec) vehicle at the 2006 SEMA Show. In their review, Modified Luxury & Exotics magazine said, "... the CL is starting to
resemble something more in line with a Bentley Continental - even if it is a little shy when it comes to horsepower."
Kleemann A/S is an after-market tuning company for Mercedes-Benz sports cars, sedans, and SUVs headquartered in Farum, Denmark.Kleemann's slogan is "Comfort Power," referring to its low-boost, high-output engines that create substantially more power than standard Mercedes models. Kleemann vehicles also include structural and mechanical integrity improvements often lacking in tuned sports cars. Its corporate logo is an abstract arrow which some corporate representatives refer to as the Kleemann carrot.
Any vehicle on the Mercedes lineup can be tuned in a number of ways from SLK roadsters to G-Class Wagons. Customers can specify custom seats, floormats, and interior fabrics as well as carbon fiber body kits, carbon front and rear splitters, and carbon interior panelling. Customers can order simple ECU upgrades that change transmission shift times and valve timing, or they can more aggressively have the engine bored and supercharged, install camshafts and high-flow headers. Kleemann also manufactures its own racing wheels, racing LSDs, racing suspension components, and multi-piston brakes. Kleemann can even install Lamborghini-style vertical doors on their modified vehicles.
In 2002 Danish race driver Jason Watt drove 338 km/h (210 mph) in a 607 hp (446 kW) Kleemann E 55K (W210 model) making it the world's fastest four-door car. Less than a year later a Kleemann tuned ML 55K clocked a remarkable 282 km/h (175 mph) on the Nardò Ring in southern Italy making it the world's fastest SUV. However, both records have since been broken by Brabus in Bottrop, Germany.Kleemann is credited with being the first company to combine a supercharger, intake manifold, and an intercooler into one single unit atop the engine block known as the Kleemann Kompressor. This is markedly different from the "Kompressors" or superchargers
found on Mercedes-AMG vehicles, although AMG has since begun manufacturing only twin-turbo engines. Kleemann also utilizes twin-screw superchargers instead of roots type superchargers of conventionally belt-driven boost systems.
Renntech is a Florida company established in 1989 by Hartmut Feyhl. It is best known for performance modifications of Mercedes-AMG automobiles.Feyhl had spent 12 years at AMG well before the tuning company became part of Mercedes-Benz in 1999, serving as that company's North American technical director and acting as a driving force behind the AMG Hammer”an iconic early 1990s automobile which was, for a time, the fastest production sedan on Earth, with a top speed approaching 300 km/h.
Over the years, Feyhl and company have developed high-performance products for virtually all Mercedes-Benz AMG vehicles (including the commercial Mercedes Sprinter van). While most famous for Feyhl's powerful engines, pizza-sized brake kits, and sporting suspension know-how, Renntech is in fact a full-line aftermarket supplier that offers everything from shift knobs and steering wheels to complete cars - most notable among these are the 200 mph Renntech E7.4RS (which was called fastest sedan in the world by Car and Driver in 1996) and the 2006 "Chrome SL" showcar”an SL-based project and implimentation entirely covered in chrome. Each of these vehicles featured extreme performance, upgraded luxury features, and a fit and finish that met or beat the Mercedes factory cars.Following the 1998 merger of Daimler-Benz and Chrysler Corp. (which became "DaimlerChrysler"), Renntech began expanding into the Chrysler category - beginning with the Chrysler Crossfire, a car based heavily on Mercedes-Benz SLK components (a logical move, as Chryslers began to utilize more Mercedes-Benz parts, more of Renntech's components became compatible).
More recently, however, Renntech has begun to offer products for other marques as well - specifically product for Porsche, Volkswagen, and Audi vehicles. These product offerings, while less exhaustive than Renntech's Mercedes offerings, focus on Renntech's core competencies: engine tuning, braking, and suspension, with an emphasis on the higher-end Audis and Porsche SUVs.Historically, Renntech has been a prominent Mercedes-Benz specialist, and Feyhl himself is
regarded by many as the USA's foremost authority on Mercedes tuning. Renntech's high-performance cars are often featured on the covers of major automotive magazines, including Car and Driver , eMercedesBenz, Motor Trend , AutoWeek, Modified Luxury & Exotics and others. In a feature article on Ray Durham's Renntech modified SL55, Modified Luxury & Exotics refers to Renntech as, "one of the foremost Mercedes-Benz tuners in the world.
3.14.Noted employees (selection):

¢ Béla Barényi - Car safety pioneer and original designer of the Volkswagen Beetle concept
¢ Nicholas Dreystadt - Cadillac manager
¢ Juan Manuel Fangio - Considered by many the best F1 driver in history.
¢ Wilhelm Maybach - Automotive pioneer
¢ Ferdinand Piëch - Volkswagen and Porsche manager
¢ Ferdinand Porsche - Founder of Porsche
¢ Rudolf Uhlenhaut - Designer of the Mercedes-Benz 300SL
The "Safety cage" or "Safety cell" construction with front and rear crumple zones was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety standpoint. Anti-lock brakes (ABS), traction control and airbags in the European market, were Mercedes-Benz innovations.These technologies were introduced in 1978, 1986 and 1980 respectively.
In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first 7-speed automatic transmission called '7G-Tronic'.Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners to seat belts on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt instantaneously, preventing the passenger from jerking forward in a crash.In 1959, Mercedes-Benz patented a
device that prevents drive wheels from spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes. In 1987, Mercedes-Benz applied its patent by introducing a Traction control system that worked under both braking and acceleration.
Stability control, brake assist (Press Release) , and many other types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars”first”by Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations and has even licensed them for use by competitors”in the name of improving automobile and passenger safety - In fact, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes are now used on all modern luxury vehicles.
3.15.1.Mercedes M156 engine:
The most powerful naturally aspirated eight cylinder engine in the world is the Mercedes-AMG, 6208 cc M156 V8 engine. The V8 engine is badged '63 AMG' and replaced the '55 AMG' M113 engine in most models. The M156 engine produces up to 525 bhp (391 kW), and although some models using this engine do have this output (such as the S63 and CL63 AMGs) specific output varies slightly across other models in the range.
The (W211) E320 CDI which has a (VTG) turbocharged, 3.0L V6 common rail diesel engine (producing 224-horsepower), set three world endurance records. It covered 100,000 miles (160,000 km) in a record time with an average speed of 224.823 km/h (140 mph). Three identical cars did the endurance run (one set above record) and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover 100,000 km and 50,000 miles (80,000 km) respectively. After all three cars had completed the run their combined distance was 300,000 miles (480,000 km) (all records were FIA approved).
Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system called Pre-Safe to detect an imminent crash and prepares the car's safety systems to respond optimally. It also calculates the optimal braking force required to
avoid an accident in emergency situations and makes it immediately available for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are also prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows, and moving the seats into the optimal position.
Mercedes Benz is developing a fatigue-detection system that warns the driver when they are displaying signs of micro-sleep (when the eyes stay closed for slightly longer than a natural blinking action). The system will use a variety of data including the individual driving style, the duration of the journey, the time of day and the current traffic situation. Fatigue mostly sets in gradually.
The first passenger road car to have brakes on all four wheels (1924) Half a century of vehicle safety innovation helped win Mercedes- Benz the Safety Award at the 2007 What Car Awards The fastest street-legal saloon car in the world is the Mercedes-Benz Brabus (tuned) W211 'E V12' - based on the E-Class saloon.
3.16.Robot cars:
In the 1980s Mercedes built the world's first robot car, together with the team of Professor Ernst Dickmanns at Bundeswehr Universität München. Partially encouraged by Dickmanns' success, in 1987 the European Union's EUREKA programme initiated the Prometheus Project on autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly 800 million Euros. A culmination point was achieved in 1995, when Dickmanns´ re-engineered autonomous S-Class Mercedes took a long trip from Munich in Bavaria to Copenhagen in Denmark and back. On highways the robot achieved speeds exceeding 175 kilometres per hour (roughly 110 miles per hour; permissible in some areas of the German Autobahn). The car's abilities has heavily influenced robot car research and funding decisions worldwide.
3.17.Mercedes-Benz Museum:
The Mercedes-Benz Museum is an automotive museum housed in Stuttgart, Germany. Stuttgart is home to the Mercedes-Benz brand and the international headquarters of Daimler AG. The building, which stands directly outside the main gate of the Daimler factory in Stuttgart-Untertürkheim, was designed by UN Studio. It is based on a unique cloverleaf concept using three overlapping circles with the centre removed to form a triangular atrium. The museum was completed and opened in 2006.
The building's height and "double helix" interior were designed to maximise space, providing 16,500 square metres of exhibition space on a footprint of just 4,800 square metres. The museum contains more than 160 vehicles, some dating back to the very earliest days of the motor engine.The museum provides visitors with free audio tours in a variety of languages. In 2007 the museum was visited by 860,000 people.
Mercedes-Benz has scooped two gold honours at the recent ADAM and EVA Awards.
The coveted EVA Award was won in the ËœCorporate Eventsâ„¢ category for the world premiere of the launch of the Mercedes-Benz CLC Sports Coupe at the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week in Berlin.At the event, which was held in January this year, two vehicles were presented on a runway, while models showed animated design sketches which linked the design of the vehicles with fashion.
The other gold award, the gold ADAM, was won for the companyâ„¢s trade fair stand stand ËœRoad to the Futureâ„¢ at the IAA 2007.Fuel efficient, clean running vehicles were shown at the event, helping the company to win in the category for ËœXXL over 1,500 m2'.One silver award was also collected at the event by Mercedes-Benz in the ËœConsumer Eventsâ„¢ category.This was based around 3,000 spontaneous test drives of the smart car in busy locations across 13 German cities.After the release of sales figures from October, year-on-year sales of smart vehicles were 41.3 per cent higher than the previous year.
At the prestigious 2007 What Car Car of the Year Awards, Mercedes-Benz received two prizes - for its pioneering safety work, and once again for the S-Class luxury Saloon.In the centenary year of the birth of the father of automotive safety, Béla Barényi - a Mercedes engineer who invented crumple zones and the passenger safety cell amongst other devices - the Safety Award is particularly timely.
Commenting on the Award, Steve Fowler, Group Editor What Car explained: For half a century, Mercedes has been at the forefront of safety innovation and research. Mercedes fits stability control to every model in the range. Where it leads, others follow.Just recently the company has surpassed its previous efforts [with the innovative PRE-SAFE® predictive occupant protection system] as well as a string of impressive Euro NCAP crash test scores - five stars is the norm for occupant safety with impressive results for child and pedestrian safety. It is this egalitarian approach as much as innovative recent developments that nets Mercedes this award, he concluded.
Mercedes-Benz started equipping its cars with the ESP® Electronic Stability Program to its models in 1997, and all models in the range have now had this technology for years. ABS with Brake Assist, Acceleration Skid Control also feature on every car in the range alongside a host of advanced airbags and occupant restraint systems.PRE-SAFE® first appeared in 2002, and is now standard on six model ranges. In the moments before an accident, PRE-SAFE® protects the vehicle occupants by electronically pre-tensioning the seat belts, moving electric seats to a more upright position, and if necessary, closing windows and the sunroof. If an accident is avoided the systems reset themselves.
Collecting the award on behalf of the company was Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Breitling, Director Active Safety / Vehicle Dynamics / Energy Management, Passenger Car Development. He responded: Safety is standard on every Mercedes-Benz and we are very proud to receive this prestigious award. The company has a proud history at the forefront of automotive safety. From the first crumple zones and survival cells in the 1950s we have moved on to sophisticated active safety systems that communicate with each other to prevent accidents occurring in the first place. This not only saves the lives of the owners of our cars, but other road users benefit too.
Perhaps the car that has premiered more safety systems than any other in the world, the S-Class Saloon, also received an award - this time in the Luxury car category. The popular S 320 CDI took the crown from last yearâ„¢s winner, the S 500. It is the seventh time S-Class has taken the honours since 1999.Steve Fowler explained why the S-Class won: The S-Class is still head and shoulders above its rivals. Itâ„¢s another easy win this year. Running costs are an essential consideration and the S 320 CDIâ„¢s diesel engine is not only smooth and powerful, itâ„¢s also extremely fuel-efficient, averaging 34mpg. The Mercedes boasts the best residuals in its class, too.
Itâ„¢s built to the most exacting standards using the finest materials. Thereâ„¢s acres of room in which to stretch out, while scrupulous attention to detail, lashings of high-grade leather, polished wood and aluminium switches endow the cabin with unsurpassed quality.Dermot Kelly, Managing Director Mercedes Car Group received the award and commented: The latest S-Class was launched last March, and became a firm favourite among our customers, helping it become the best-selling luxury saloon in 2006. As well as the refinements our customers expect from their S-Class, the new model introduced infra-red NightView Assist, making night time driving easier.
The latest variants can have PRE-SAFE® Brake, which is the first globally-available system that automatically brakes in the event of an impending impact. To win a safety award on the same night as this luxury car accolade reinforces our commitment to industry-leading safety systems across the entire Mercedes-Benz range.The safety award-winning Mercedes-Benz range starts from £13,770 on the road. The S-Class range is available from £48,455.
3.19.Main unique features of the Mercedes Benz:
One of the Mercedes Benz founders Mr. Karl Benz has invented the first internal combustion automobile engine in the world. Also the credit of the revolutionary invention of the worldâ„¢s first single cylinder four stroke engine goes to Mr. Karl Benz.Mercedes Benz has been producing technologically more advanced vehicles than its contemporary competitors. Safety of the passengers has been the utmost important factor taken in to consideration by this company while designing all category vehicles ever since it has started production. Owing to this feature a genuine
vehicle buyer in any part of the world gives first preference to the Mercedes Benz make vehicles. Every year the Mercedes Benz makes provision of a huge amount of money for the research and development work in its budget. As a reason they always they have an edge over other renowned vehicle manufacturers of the world ever since they have started manufacturing vehicles.
Moreover we can say that the Mercedes Benz has taught other vehicle manufacturers how to manufacture technologically advance vehicles and at the same time passenger safety vehicles. Mercedes Benz is the pioneer of featuring its vehicles with the Safety airbags, anti-lock brakes and the traction control system, in the world. This company has introduced the first 7 speed automatic transmission system in the world, called as 7g-Tronic. The credit of invention of the passenger pre-tension seat belts for the first time in the world goes to Mercedes Benz. In the event of vehicle crash this belt gets tightened almost instantaneously thereby saving the passenger from the forward crash. Also many other types of passenger safety devices like the brake assist and stability control are invented by Mercedes Benz for the first time in the world. One of the greatest features of the Mercedes Benz is that it not only invented these safety devices for the first time in the world but they also granted its license to the other vehicle manufacturers all over the world from the point of view of overall safety of the passengers.

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Project Mercedes Benz Authors: M.Sudharshan Seshadri - 07G103

B.RamPrakash - 07G78

K.G.Ramkumar - 07G77

CT.Saminathan - 07G81

Name of the Guide : Prof.S.Rajaram

Department : Mechanical

College : Thiagarajar College of Engineering


This project and implimentation intends to give the complete profile of the automobile company Mercedes Benz. The name Mercedes Benz needs no introduction for the car enthusiastic people. Ever since its foundation this name has been associated with the world class brand of cars, trucks and buses. The two founding fathers, one is Mr. Karl Benz who first founded this company in 1871 and the two others Mr. Gottlieb Daimler and Mr. Wilhelm May Bach, who founded the division of Mercedes Benz called as Daimler AG in 1890.The headquarters of the Mercedes Benz is located at Baden- Wurttemberg and Stuttgart in Germany. Currently this company produces a wide range of advanced luxury cars, trucks and buses in its manufacturing facilities, based all over the world besides Germany.



• We thank our guide Prof.S.Rajaram for his invaluable guidance in completing this project and implimentation.

• We thank our college for providing this opportunity.

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