signal processing algorithm for MIMO radar
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Joined: Jan 2011
07-01-2011, 05:02 PM
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The MIMO(multi input multi output) radar is a multiple antenna radar system which is capable of transmitting arbitrary waveform from each antenna element. In the traditional phased array radar, the transmitting antennas are limited to transmit scaled versions of the same waveform. However the MIMO radar allows the multiple antennas to transmit arbitrary waveforms. Like MIMO communications, MIMO radar offers a new paradigm for signal processing research. MIMO radar possesses significant potentials for fading mitigation, resolution enhancement, and interference and jamming suppression. Fully exploiting these potentials can result in significantly improved target detection, parameter estimation, target tracking and recognition performance.
In the first part of this thesis, we focus on the MIMO radar receiver algorithms. We first study the robustness of the beamformer used in MIMO radar receiver. It is known that the adaptive beamformer is very sensitive to the DOA (direction-of-arrival) mismatch. In MIMO radar, the aperture of the virtual array can be much larger than the physical receiving array in the SIMO radar. This makes the performance of the beamformer more sensitive to the DOA errors in the MIMO radar case.
The second half of the thesis focuses on the transmitted waveform design for MIMO radar systems. We first study the ambiguity function of the MIMO radar and the corresponding waveform design methods. In traditional (SIMO) radars, the ambiguity function of the transmitted pulse characterizes the compromise between range and Doppler resolutions. It is a major tool for studying and analyzing radar signals. The idea of ambiguity function has recently been extended to the case of MIMO radar. In this thesis, we derive several mathematical properties of the MIMO radar ambiguity function. These properties provide some insights into the MIMO radar waveform design. We also propose a new algorithm for designing the orthogonal frequency-hopping waveforms. This algorithm reduces the sidelobes in the corresponding MIMO radar ambiguity function and makes the energy of the ambiguity function spread evenly in the range and angular dimensions. Therefore the resolution of the MIMO radar system can be improved. In addition to designing the waveform for increasing the system resolution, we also consider the joint optimization of waveforms and receiving filters in the MIMO radar for the case of extended target in clutter. An extended target can be viewed as a collection of infinite number of point targets. The reflected waveform from a point target is just a delayed and scaled version of the transmitted waveform. However, the reflected waveform from an extended target is a convolved version of the transmitted waveform with a target spreading function. A novel iterative algorithm is proposed to optimize the waveforms and receiving filters such that the detection performance can be maximized. The corresponding iterative algorithms are also developed for the case where only the statistics or the uncertainty set of the target impulse response is available. These algorithms guarantee that the SINR performance improves in each iteration step. The numerical results show that the proposed iterative algorithms converge faster and also have significant better SINR performances than previously reported algorithms.
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