web crawling
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29-10-2010, 12:59 PM

i am sneha n.r
b.e cse 7th sem student.
i want full seminar and presentation report on web crawling .
abt definition, introduction,implementation.

seminar surveyer
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29-10-2010, 04:30 PM

A Web crawler is a computer program that browses the World Wide Web in a methodical, automated manner or in an orderly fashion. Other terms for Web crawlers are ants, automatic indexers,bots, or Web spiders, Web robots, or—especially in the FOAF community—Web scutters. This process is called Web crawling or spidering. Many sites, in particular search engines, use spidering as a means of providing up-to-date data. Web crawlers are mainly used to create a copy of all the visited pages for later processing by a search engine that will index the downloaded pages to provide fast searches. Crawlers can also be used for automating maintenance tasks on a Web site, such as checking links or validating HTML code. Also, crawlers can be used to gather specific types of information from Web pages, such as harvesting e-mail addresses (usually for spam). A Web crawler is one type of bot, or software agent. In general, it starts with a list of URLs to visit, called the seeds. As the crawler visits these URLs, it identifies all the hyperlinks in the page and adds them to the list of URLs to visit, called the crawl frontier. URLs from the frontier are recursively visited according to a set of policies.

Crawling policies
There are important characteristics of the Web that make crawling very difficult:
 its large volume,
 its fast rate of change, and
 dynamic page generation.
The large volume implies that the crawler can only download a fraction of the Web pages within a given time, so it needs to prioritize its downloads. The high rate of change implies that by the time the crawler is downloading the last pages from a site, it is very likely that new pages have been added to the site, or that pages have already been updated or even deleted.
The number of possible crawlable URLs being generated by server-side software has also made it difficult for web crawlers to avoid retrieving duplicate content. Endless combinations of HTTP GET(URL-based) parameters exist, of which only a small selection will actually return unique content. For example, a simple online photo gallery may offer three options to users, as specified through HTTP GET parameters in the URL. If there exist four ways to sort images, three choices of thumbnail size, two file formats, and an option to disable user-provided content, then the same set of content can be accessed with 48 different URLs, all of which may be linked on the site. This mathematical combination creates a problem for crawlers, as they must sort through endless combinations of relatively minor scripted changes in order to retrieve unique content.
As Edwards et al. noted, "Given that the bandwidth for conducting crawls is neither infinite nor free, it is becoming essential to crawl the Web in not only a scalable, but efficient way, if some reasonable measure of quality or freshness is to be maintained." . A crawler must carefully choose at each step which pages to visit next. The behavior of a Web crawler is the outcome of a combination of policies.
 a selection policy that states which pages to download,
 a re-visit policy that states when to check for changes to the pages,
 a politeness policy that states how to avoid overloading Web sites, and
 a parallelization policy that states how to coordinate distributed Web crawlers.


seminar class
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21-03-2011, 02:56 PM

.ppt   WebCrawlers.ppt (Size: 90.5 KB / Downloads: 108)
Web crawlers
• Crawl or visit web pages and download them
• Starting from one page –determine which page(s) to go to next
• This is where we know how good/bad, efficient a crawler is
• Mainly depends on crawling policies used
Crawl policies
• Selection policy
• Re-visit policy
• Politeness policy
• Parallelization policy
• Selection policy
– Pageranks
– Path ascending
– Focused crawling
• Re-visit policy
– Freshness
– Age
• Politeness
– So that crawlers don’t overload web servers
– Set a delay between GET requests
• Parallelization
– Distributed web crawling
– To maximize download rate
• Is a Open Source web crawler
• Nutch Web Search Application
– Maintain DB of pages and links
– Pages have scores, assigned by analysis
– Fetches high-scoring, out-of-date pages
– Distributed search front end
– Based on Lucene
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16-07-2011, 09:28 AM

plz send me the abstract report and ppt of web crawling.
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16-07-2011, 09:40 AM

plz send me the abstract,report and ppt of web crawlingSmile
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08-09-2011, 04:25 PM

send me the abustract of simple webcrawler

id ---------amitpathak.it@gmail.com
thanx in advance

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